Economist. Was or is a member of the board of directors or advisory board of various multinational conglomerates (e.g., British American Tobacco, Rolls Royce, Thomson Reuters etc.).
Author of scores of articles on economics published in Brazil and abroad.
Professor of economics at Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio).
Ph.D. in Economics from the University of California at Berkeley (USA). Bachelor’s Degree in Electrical Engineering from the Polytechnic School of PUC-Rio.
Former minister of finance of Brazil. Past president of the Central Bank of Brazil. Former special consultant and chief negotiator for external debt affairs of the Ministry of Finance. Former executive director of the World Bank. Former executive director of the Inter-American Development Bank. Former director of the Center for Transnational Companies of the United Nations. Former director of the Department of International Economics and Social Affairs of the UN. Former senior researcher with the Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA) and the National Council for Economic Development of the Ministry of Planning. Former chairman of the Board of Directors of Itaú-Unibanco. Former chairman of the international advisory board of Itaú-Unibanco.